Indonesian Islam: Social Change Through Contemporary Fatāwā
This study is based on approximately 2000 fatwa (plural fatawa) - an opinion on a point of law or dogma given by a person with recognised authority (ijaza) - demonstrating that classical Islamic reasoning is an alternative to state defined Islam and is capable of dealing with contemporary challenges in ethics and morality in a consistent and rational way. The book provides a comprehensive survey of how modern Indonesian Islamic thinking has responded to changes in social practices since the 1920s and how authorities have ruled on diverse subjects ranging from football pools to land sales and milk banks. The author examines in detail the development and nuances of Islamic thinking, both by reference to local tradition and comparatively, by reference to the classical Arabian texts, therefore providing an important contribution to deepening popular understanding of Islam in Indonesia. Chapter 3 specifically addressing the situation and conception of women in Indonesian Islamic thought.