Interest curtailing the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) has increased in the past 20 years. Although the political and legal environment towards the practice is more hostile, this awareness has yet to translate itself to measurable changes in prevalence. At the local level activities are shifting from a clinical, health risk, model to an understanding of the phenomenon in its social context. Under patriarchal structures of social control of sexuality and fertility, women and girls are the primary social group to suffer from as well as to perpetuate the practice of FGM.

This book shows that female genital mutilation is a deeply rooted cultural tradition observed primarily in Africa and among certain communities in the Middle East and Asia. It also looks at its considerable health consequences and the increasing health care needs compared to available healthcare settings and few healthcare professionals to treat their specific needs. 

This is a resource on the moves towards the elimination of Female Genital Mutilation by the year 2010 in Africa. It gives a situational analysis of FGM in Africa. 

This manual provides practical information on the use of indicators of process and impact in the fight against Female Genital Mutilation. 

This book provides case studies of FGM in: Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Nigeria, Mali, Burkina Faso, Senegal, and Sierra Leone. It also includes a survey of Africa, the Arabian peninsula, Asia, and the Western world. Also, health facts, history, politics, and a bibliography are included in the publication. 

This book provides a thorough history and interpretation of circumcision, covering everything from its pre-biblical roots to the scientific debate.  It gives voice to all sides:  those tending to view the uncircumcised as "lacking culture, manners, intelligence, and, in a word, civilization," to those who defend circumcision "only for their own societal group and justify it culturally but not medically," etc.

This booklet highlights the important role of health professionals in Australia in preventing FGM. It also shows Australia’s strategy to prevent the practice of FGM in two parts: through a national education program on FGM, which focuses on health promotion within a community development context, and through legislation against the practice. 

This book is a bid to reach out to young people with messages of reproductive health, such as the effects of FGM and the empowerment of young girls.  

This book highlights the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation in Burkina Faso, Senegal, Mali, Eritrea, Yemen, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Central African Republic. It gives an understanding of why the practice continues and attitudes regarding FGM. 

This article is on the prominence of FGM in sub-Saharan Africa. It also focuses on the practice within Muslim majority contexts and the so-called Muslim justifications for the practice. The review looks at countries such as Oman, South Yemen, Libya, Southern Algeria, and Lebanon.

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