تشهد الدول في جميع أنحاء أفريقيا نمواً غير مسبوق في المناطق الحضرية، مما يفتح أمام المرأة فرصاًاقتصادية واجتماعية أكبر من جهة، ويعرّض سلامتها ورفاهها لمخاطر أكبر من جهة أخرى. وعلى عكس نظرائهم في المناطق الريفية، يُعتقد أن النساء في المناطق الحضرية يتمتعن بفرص اجتماعية واقتصادية وحريات سياسية أكبر.
Countries across Africa are experiencing unprecedented urban growth, presenting women with greater economic and social opportunities as well as greater risks to their safety and welfare. According to UN-HABITAT, “notable gender gaps in labour and employment, decent work, pay, tenure rights, access to and accumulation of assets, personal security and safety, and representation in formal structures of urban governance show that women are often the last to benefit from the prosperity of cities.”
NAIROBI, 30 November 2012 (PlusNews) - In August 2012, the African Gender and Media Initiative, a Kenyan NGO, released a report documenting cases of forced and coerced sterilizations of HIV-positive women, carried out by both private and government-run health facilities.
Wanjala Wafula is the founder and CEO of the Coexist Initiative, a Kenyan community-based organisation that works alongside boys and men to eliminate all forms of gender-based violence. Coexist was awarded the African Achievers Awards 2012, celebrating the successes of engaging men and boys as a means to empower young girls.
In a bid to retain culture and due to the greed of men who profit by marrying off their daughters, some communities in Kenya still practice Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).
Section 14 of The Children’s Act of 2001 in Kenya protects children against harmful cultural practices under which FGM falls. Though this law has been in place for a decade, the practice is still rampant, especially among pastoral communities where even a girl may demand FGM since she has been brought up believing it to be part of her initiation to maturity.
Environmental and human rights NGO based in Nairobi, Kenya, is a member of ESCR-Net and the Habitat International Coalition. Mazingira has a very useful publication database that is searchable by subjects such as gender and land. The concern of Mazingira Institute is for the realization of human dignity and empowerment of everyone - women, men and children and for ecological integrity everywhere.
This publication is based on the use of religious-oriented approaches to address FGM, and to search for issues in Islam regarding FGM practices. It demystifies misinterpretation that attempts to justify FGM among Somalis in Wajir – Kenya.
Ahmed Mohamoud* seems like a typical eight-year old boy. He is dressed in jeans and sneakers and wears a hat of the New Orleans Saints, the team that won the US Super Bowl this year. Mohamed fled from the Hawiye area of Banadir region, not far from Mogadishu, with his parents. IRIN met Ahmed in Kakuma, northwestern Kenya, where his mother Fatuma agreed to tell IRIN their story.