In the context of the current food crisis confronting most sub-Saharan African economies the need to unmask the identities of rural producers from a gender perspective is reinforced. This article focuses on three major issues which have tended towards ambiguity in analyses of rural political economy. First, the question of women's differential land use rights is analysed in terms of the impact agricultural modernisation has had on traditional status. Second, the complexity in household form and composition is drawn out.
This is a report of a workshop organized by the USAID which sought to highlight the discrepancies between women’s land rights under the law and popular perceptions of those rights, as identified during consultations with the State, outline policy and legal trends related to women’s land rights in other countries in the region and elicit policy recommendations for the draft GOSS land policy intended to expand and strengthen women’s land rights.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Sudan Property Rights Programme (SPRP) is working with Southern Sudan Land Commission (SSLC) to develop a land policy for the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS). The policy will be based upon an extensive programme of public consultation and research. Throughout consultations in each southern Sudan’s 10 states, women’s land rights were a contentious subject, particularly related to land ownership by women in rural areas. Further, women were not always adequately represented in some State consultations.
This paper reviews the reality of women’s land and property rights in three Eastern Africa countries: Kenya, Sudan and Ethiopia. It considers legal and other impediments hindering these rights in situations of conflict and reconstruction. It also outlines the practical problems faced by women in connection with the legal and traditional structures regarding land and property rights, and makes some suggestions about how the situation can be rectified.
Few Sudanese women are land owners despite their role in food production and new discriminatory legislation relating to land registration and tenancy distribution is making ti even more difficult for women agriuc,tural workers to improve their situation. Aksi discusses three case studies which illustrate the following points – when women do not own land, there contribution is meager, when women own land.
This country report provides information on the national legal framework including rights entrenched in the Constitution, women's property and use rights in Civil Code, Labour Code,and Family Code, inheritance legal mechanisms , land law and policies/Institutional mechanisms enforcing or preventing women’s land rights, customary law and land tenure and related institutions.
The publication presents perspectives from a number of countries including Sudan reflecting the idea that women’s land, property and housing rights require treatment within a broad human rights framework and that women’s status and condition, as well as their experience of violence, is intimately connected with their ability to exercise fundamental socio-economic and cultural rights. The contribution from Sudan documents the interplay between rights to land and property (or lack thereof) and violence against women.