The increased labeling of diverse immigrant communities of Muslim background in Europe as having a common culture since they share a common religion is appearing as a dominant trend. Religion is becoming equated with “culture”.
Thanks to the massive postcolonial immigration that has taken place in recent years, France is today a state in
which people are increasingly concerned with their collective identities as
either “Maghrebi”/ ”Muslim” or “French”. It is important to see that this
creation of politicized ethnic identities exists on both sides, not just that of
the minorities. The core process of “ethnicization” involves linking a specific
population to distinctive cultural characteristics. The collective control of
female behavior and the use of feminine representations is central to this