Libya


Announcing the Trust Women Award Winners

In September, we asked you to tell us about your women’s right heroes, activists and journalists who have contributed to the advancement of women’s rights worldwide showing courage, creativity and innovation. You gave us an incredible range of names, making the Trust Women Awards a truly global event.

We received 170 nominations from more than 140 countries, and at the winners were revealed last on the evening of December 3 at Trust Women conference in London. Libyan women’s rights activist Alaa Murabit and Indian investigative journalist Neha Dixit took home the 2013 Trust Women Awards.

Key points from ICAN’s Libya brief:

  • Libya women played a crucial role in the revolution and were initially part of mediation and transition discussions, but have since been dismissed as stake holders by the transitional government and international actors.
  • Libyan women are fighting for formal comprehensive investigations and justice for victims of sexual violence perpetrated within the Qadhafi regime, during the revolution and in the transitional period.
  • International actors who previously committed to the UN Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security have failed to implement the agenda consistently and in all spheres, particularly in security sector reform discussions.
  • Libya women face rising religious extremism and non-inclusive electoral laws which inhibit independent voices in the political sphere

As Libya transitions out of the 42-year autocratic rule of the Muammar Qaddafi regime, an urgent theme has emerged: the need to safeguard women’s participation as Libya codifies human rights in national legislation and establishes government institutions and services. 

Major decisions are being made that will impact Libya’s future as a democratic State. For instance, women are actively seeking participation in the drafting process of the new constitution and in the formation of government policies across all sectors to advance their concerns. Currently, there is no provision for gender parity or the inclusion of women in the 60-member Constitutional Committee being formed. This omission is concerning, as a gender parity provision was included in the 2012 electoral law.

Following the revolution, many women and girls had restrictions imposed on their movement by family, due in part to growing concerns regarding the security of women and girls throughout the country. These restrictions are tightening as stories of violence against women circulate and uncertainty of centralized authority for the military and police continues to exist. As a result, women and girls are often confined to their homes, especially in the evenings.

طالبت نائبات كتله "صوت المراه"، في المؤتمر الوطني الليبي (البرلمان المؤقت) الاربعاء، بقيه نواب المؤتمر بالتضامن معهن في المطالبه بزياده نسبه تمثيل المراه في لجنه صياغة الدستور الجديد للبلاد، الي 35% بدلاً من 10%.وتنص مسوده قانون انتخاب لجنه الدستور الجديد للبلاد، والمسماه بـ"لجنه الستين" (من خارج اعضاء المؤتمر الوطني) والتي كشف عنها المؤتمر قبل 3 ايام، علي ان تشارك المراه في اللجنه بنسبه 10% من اجمالي عدد اعضائها البالغ 60 عضوًا.

هذا التقرير يلقي الضوء على خطوات أساسية ينبغي على ليبيا إنجازها على طريق الوفاء بالتزاماتها الدولية، من خلال رفض التمييز بناء على النوع الاجتماعي (الجندر) بحزم في القانون والممارسة على السواء. التقرير يطالب البرلمان الليبي – المؤتمر الوطني العام – بضمان إشراك السيدات على قدم المساواة بالرجال في كامل مراحل عملية صياغة الدستور، بما في ذلك المشاركة النسائية النشطة والفعالة في الجمعية التأسيسية المنوطة تحضير مسودة الدستور.

ضحّت المرأة الليبية بالغالي في الثورة، وانتقلت من حال القمع إلى حال العامل السياسي والنيابي والاجتماعي، لكنها لا تزال قاصرة عن اكتساب ثقة النساء في ليبيا، اللواتي يعتبرن بأن السياسة ميدان الرجل وحده.

En Tunisie, en Egypte, en Libye, la conquête fulgurante du pouvoir par des mouvements islamistes, parrainés notamment par les pétromonarchies du Golfe, est sujette à suspicion. Le rapprochement avec l’Algérie est vite fait. L’implication du Qatar dans le soutien aux mouvements islamistes de tous bords (chiites ou sunnites, salafistes djihadistes ou Frères musulmans) ne date pas du Printemps arabe. Le nouveau code électoral et la loi sur les partis en Algérie ont sacrifié l’exigence de transparence des finances des formations politiques.

Women's rights and the regulation of gender and sex norms in the Arab world have long been put under the spotlight by local and international activists in addition to local and international politicians and NGOs. This year, the ongoing uprisings in the Arab world have brought into focus some dominant ways that sexual and bodily rights are framed, gendered, and politicized. These can be grouped under three loose themes, each of which deserves further study: One is the equation of gender with women and/or sexual and gender minorities. Two is the fear of Islamists.

"The power of women is in their stories. They are not theories, they are real lives that, thanks to social networks, we are able to share and exchange," said Egyptian-American activist Mona el-Tahawey, kicking off a summit that brought more than a hundred of the Middle East's leading female activists together in Cairo.

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