Sexual/reproductive rights & health

L’enquête menée par le Centre national d’études et d’analyses pour la population et le développement (Ceneap) au profit de l’Unicef, a révélé que la plupart des mères célibataires sont issues de familles défavorisées, prés de la moitié de ces femmes ont été victimes de harcèlement sexuel, de violence domestique et d’inceste.

Though the Indonesian government banned female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) four years ago, experts say religious support for the practice is more fervent than ever, particularly in rural communities. A lack of regulation since the ban makes it difficult to monitor, but medical practitioners say FGM/C remains commonplace for women of all ages in this emerging democracy of 240 million - the world’s largest Muslim nation.

A landmark study on polygamy in Malaysia has cast doubt on whether husbands in polygamous marriages are able to treat their wives and children equally as intoned by the Quran. The study, conducted by Sisters in Islam in collaboration with academics from several local universities, found that while almost 80% of husbands interviewed said they could be fair, their wives disagreed. Researcher Masjaliza Hamzah said just over half of the second wives interviewed in the study said their husbands could be fair. Among first wives, only 35% shared this view. “Among the wives, the first wife is the most dissatisfied. She experiences the strongest effects as she is able to compare the polygamous marriage with when she was in a monogamous marriage. In many cases, they expressed sadness, a sense of being wronged and betrayal,” Masjaliza said.

An abortion hotline which has been set up in Pakistan is facing violent opposition. Islamic groups and political parties have condemned the hotline, which was launched yesterday, as "anti-Islamic" and "colonial", even though it will save the lives of thousands of women who die each year in backstreet abortion clinics. They have warned the organisers that they are at risk of reprisals.

La société marocaine n’est pas encore mûre pour aborder ce genre de sujet!». La PJDiste Bassima Hakkaoui conteste la tenue du premier congrès sur les grossesses non désirées. Organisé les 28 et 29 mai à Rabat par l’Association marocaine de lutte contre l’avortement clandestin (AMLAC), ce débat est, pour la députée, «prématuré» : «Ce n’est pas le moment de parler de l’avortement ni d’en débattre surtout de cette manière. Il n’y a toujours pas de base concrète pour le faire». Bassima Hakkaoui, qui a mis mal à l’aise plus d’un participant dès la première session du congrès, légitime sa prise de position par l’inexistence d’un projet de loi sur l’avortement qui pourrait servir de base à l’événement. « Le PJD avait engagé une discussion avec le président de l’AMLAC  pour que ce dernier expose la situation et que nous puissions en débattre. Cela dit, il n’y a pas de document sur lequel nous travaillons aujourd’hui ».

International human rights organization Equality Now welcomes the AAP's decision to withdraw its ill-conceived revised policy statement on female genital mutilation (FGM) issued on April 26, 2010. The new policy statement essentially promoted Type IV FGM, as categorized by the World Health Organization (WHO), and suggested that federal and state laws might be more effective if they "enabled pediatricians to reach out to families by offering a 'ritual nick'." In a release issued today, the AAP stated that it has "retired" its 2010 revised statement on FGM, is opposed to "all forms of female genital cutting" and "does not endorse the practice of offering a 'clitoral nick'. Update on United States: AAP Policy Statement on FGM 'ill-advised'

Muhammad Juhri a décidé que sa femme accoucherait par voie naturelle, bien que le médecin ait recommandé une césarienne à cause de son hypertension. L’enfant est vivant, mais la mère est décédée suite à des complications.

In Uzbekistan it seems that promoting condoms and sterile needles to stop the spread of HIV is "immoral" and deserving of imprisonment in its notorious jails. The country, ruled by dictator Islam Karimov – andrecently lambasted by the UN Human Rights Committee – has given one of its leading Aids workers a seven-year sentence.

“The Burden of Virginity” deals with the tradition that young women must maintain chastity until marriage, and shows the story of a girl driven from the bridegroom’s home in shame. The film was funded by the Swiss embassy in Tashkent and released in May 2009. WLUML has written a brief summary of the narrative of the documentary film, which has not yet been subtitled in English.

This paper by Stephanie Willman Bordat and Saida Kouzzi is part of the IDLO book series Lessons Learned: Narrative Accounts of Legal Reform in Developing and Transition Countries. The term “unwed mother” is used here to refer to women who have children outside the framework of legal marriage. They and their children – defined by law as “illegitimate” – are among the most legally and socially marginalized people in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, not just in Morocco.

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