Algeria

Women in Arab countries are making human rights history as they break down barriers to being treated as full citizens in their own countries. In the past few years, women in Algeria, Egypt, and Morocco married to foreigners have won the right to convey their citizenship to their children. Algerian women can also now extend citizenship rights to their spouses.

In the Middle East and North Africa, where political change occurs slowly, blogging has becomes a serious medium for social and political commentary as well as a target of government suppression, writes Mohamed Abdel Dayem. Before the June presidential election, the Iranian government blocked access to more than a dozen social networking sites and online news sources perceived as favoring opposition candidates. Hours before polls opened, SMS, or short message service for mobile phones, was disrupted and remained offline for weeks. The day after the election, the government shut down mobile phone service for an entire day.

فاس، المغرب – أحرزت المرأة في شمال إفريقيا تقدماً عظيماً في السعي لحقوقها والحفاظ عليها. وتتواجد النساء في هذه المنطقة، المعروفة بالمغرب، في طليعة العالم العربي من حيث الحقوق الفردية والمساواة في النوع الاجتماع، ويشكّلن أمثلة تُحتذى للنساء العربيات الأخريات. ويمكن استنباط عدد من الدروس من تجارب المرأة الملهمة في شمال إفريقيا، وخاصة في المغرب وتونس.

Les femmes d’Afrique du Nord ont fait d’immenses progrès pour ce qui est de promouvoir et de faire respecter leurs droits. Les Maghrébines viennent en tête en matière de droits individuels et d’égalité des sexes et servent de modèle pour les autres femmes du monde arabe. On peut tirer un certain nombre de leçons de leur expérience plutôt encourageante, surtout du côté du Maroc et de la Tunisie.

Women in North Africa have made tremendous progress in promoting and upholding their rights. Women in this region—commonly known as the Maghreb—are at the forefront of the Arab world in terms of individual rights and gender equality, and constitute models for other Arab women to follow. A number of lessons may be drawn from the inspiring experience of women in North Africa, especially in Morocco and Tunisia.

Posted by Yusra: While in Washington, D.C., last month, I attended a forum on Muslim women’s rights titled “Women and the Politics of Change in the Middle East,” at the John Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. It was sponsored by the Women’s Learning Partnership, an international NGO dedicated to women’s leadership and empowerment, especially in Muslim majority countries. The event was held to honor the 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination (CEDAW). CEDAW is a U.N. treaty aimed at providing a universal framework for women’s rights.

You can read and download the Political Islam on Line article by Raouf Ebeid here

Marieme Hélie-Lucas, writing in 1989, talks about an alarming change in the situation of women in Algeria. A ‘Family Code’ law was introduced which removed many of women’s basic human rights. She also speaks about contraception, the problem of abandoned children and the consequences for women of the insistence on virginity at marriage.

This article traces Algerian women's struggle for full citizenship after the national liberation struggle ended in 1962. The Algerian Family Code, which became law in 1984, defines women as minors under the law and as existing only in so far as they are daughters, mothers or wives.

Pour la première fois, des artistes femmes venues d'Algérie et d'ailleurs chantent ensemble pour dénoncer le code de la famille promulgué en Algérie en 1984 et qui légalise l’infériorisation des femmes.

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