Africa

This summary of Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) issues in Niger is part of a series of LTPR Country Profiles produced by Associates in Rural Development, World Resources Institute and Rural Development Institute for USAID. The profile includes information on property rights and tenure concerning land, forests, freshwater, and minerals, as well as an aggregation of LTPR-related indicators. Options and opportunities for intervention by USAID are presented at the end of the profile, along with an extensive list of references for additional information.

This paper considers the position of women in the social dynamics regulating access to farmland by different members of Hausa households. How does Hausa society manage land ownership within households when changing dynamics and constant challenges from a range of factors require new mechanisms for land redistribution which are subsequently accepted and recognised by everyone?
This paper is a summary of a regional case study on gender, land and decentralisation. The main study has two parts: three portraits of women showing different examples of access to natural resources and local leadership; and a general report based on the portraits and on interviews carried out in seven study sites in Maradi and Zinder regions in Niger.

(Ordinance no 93-015 du 2 mars 1993 protant Principles d’Orientation du Code Rural). Niger’s 1993 Rural Code brings together in one document diverse legislation regulating rural areas, and explicitly raises customary law to the same status as statutory law (Article 5) and recognizes customary property rights (article 8). Its specific objectives are to:

-          Provide land tenure security for rural stakeholders.

This publication gives details of the work done on FGM to protect children in Sudan. It also gives a report on research on reproductive health and FGM in Sudan. 

This book explores aspects of Sudanese culture that have a strong impact on the perpetuation of female circumcision in Sudan. This includes: the historical ritual and meaning of the female circumcision ceremony; the importance placed on female circumcision by men in choosing their wives; and the cultural definition of sexuality and ethnic identity. 

The chapter of interest is called “Midwifery Training and the Politics of Female Circumcision”. This chapter discusses the training of Sudanese midwives and supervising all midwifery practices for Sudanese medical services. It engages such people about their cultural norms, gender roles and intimate practices – such as childbirth and female circumcision. 

This publication is based on the use of religious-oriented approaches to address FGM, and to search for issues in Islam regarding FGM practices. It demystifies misinterpretation that attempts to justify FGM among Somalis in Wajir – Kenya.

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