Africa

For most women in the Sahel, if the husband passes away his closest family or his male children inherit his possessions. If a woman starts a vegetable garden and it proves successful, the husband can expel his wife from the garden and take it over. Women are also denied the right to own croplands.

Pastoralists in Niger are mobilising in an attempt to affirm their rights to home grazing territories. Their associations will be involved in consultations about the draft Pastoral Code, which should be written over the next three years, and it is their hope that this opportunity to re-examine weak or contradictory points in the legislation will improve the status of grazing lands.

This country brief attempts to determine to what extent USAID’s programmes to improve land markets and property rights have contributed to secure tenure and lower transaction costs in developing countries thereby helping to achieve economic growth and sustainable development.

In rural areas of the Sahel, women’s access to land is becoming more precarious under the influence of several factors, demographic, climatic, socio-cultural and economic. Ce constat a amené certains auteurs à évoquer une « déféminasation » de l'agriculture dans certaines localités (Diarra-Doka et Monimart, 2004). This has led some authors to refer to a "déféminasation" of agriculture in certain localities.

This summary of Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) issues in Niger is part of a series of LTPR Country Profiles produced by Associates in Rural Development, World Resources Institute and Rural Development Institute for USAID. The profile includes information on property rights and tenure concerning land, forests, freshwater, and minerals, as well as an aggregation of LTPR-related indicators. Options and opportunities for intervention by USAID are presented at the end of the profile, along with an extensive list of references for additional information.

This paper considers the position of women in the social dynamics regulating access to farmland by different members of Hausa households. How does Hausa society manage land ownership within households when changing dynamics and constant challenges from a range of factors require new mechanisms for land redistribution which are subsequently accepted and recognised by everyone?
This paper is a summary of a regional case study on gender, land and decentralisation. The main study has two parts: three portraits of women showing different examples of access to natural resources and local leadership; and a general report based on the portraits and on interviews carried out in seven study sites in Maradi and Zinder regions in Niger.

(Ordinance no 93-015 du 2 mars 1993 protant Principles d’Orientation du Code Rural). Niger’s 1993 Rural Code brings together in one document diverse legislation regulating rural areas, and explicitly raises customary law to the same status as statutory law (Article 5) and recognizes customary property rights (article 8). Its specific objectives are to:

-          Provide land tenure security for rural stakeholders.

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