New study in Oman shows high prevalence of FGM all over the country
January 22nd 2014
64% of all female participants said FGM was still practiced in the family.
According to a new study from Oman, female genital mutilation constitutes a widespread phenomenon in Oman in all age groups, and among women from all regional and educational backgrounds. Out of 100 women questioned 78 stated to be circumcised. The human rights activist and statistician Habiba Al Hinai conducted the study “Female Genital Mutilation in the Sultanate of Oman” in cooperation with Stop FGM Middle East for which she interviewed 100 female and 100 male participants in hospital waiting areas, shoppings malls and fast food restaurants in the capital Muscat.
The practice of female genital mutilation was long only considered prevalent in the Southern region of Dhofar with only small pockets in the North. Thus, it is most notable that the participants in this study originated from Northern regions with only two coming from Dhofar. The highest prevalence of FGM seems to exist in the regions Sharqiya North and South (18 out of 19), the Dakhiliya (11 out of 13) and the coastal Batina region (33 out of 38 questioned). Participants who originate from Muscat were less likely to be circumcised, but still more than half of the participants were affected.
64% of all female participants said FGM was still practiced in the family. The prevalence in the male group was somewhat lower with 41% saying it was still practiced in the family. 20 of those 54 men who had daughters affirmed that their daughters were circumcised.
About one fourth of the women said they were circumcised in the first months after birth, half of them were circumcised at the age of 1 to 5, and another third between 5 and 10 years.
Opposition against and support for the continuation of the practice were balanced. Out of 100 women 55 supported the practice. Among the men a small majority expressed their opposition.
Particularly men seemed well informed about disadvantages on one hand and religious arguments pro circumcision on the other hand. Religion constitutes an important reason for the continuation of FGM especially among women. 53 out of 100 women believed that Islamic teaching supports female circumcision. Among the men only 21 were of this opinion.
Interestingly, Sexuality played a more important role in arguments contra FGM than health arguments. Several men worried about frigidity and not being able to satisfy their wife.
Family pressure seems to be high at least in some parts of society with several participants stating that they had to protect their daughters from the family’s pressure to circumcise her.
Read the full study: Habiba Al Hinai | Female Genital Mutilation in the Sultanate of Oman, January 2014
- Recommendations for action against gender-related killing of women and girls
- Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences
- Addendum to the Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences
- Afghanistan: Their lives on the line: Women human rights defenders under attack in Afghanistan