Mozambique: Assembly Passes Bill Against Domestic Violence
Women who are victims of domestic violence must receive urgent and sympathetic treatment from the police and the health authorities. The latter must provide a detailed report on the injuries to the woman, and their possible consequences.
Should the husband or other male relative who committed the act of violence abscond, he will be tried in absentia.
But even before there is any trial, the Court may, at the request of the woman or of the prosecution, issue an injunction, banning the offender from the house, and suspending his parental rights over the couple's children. The court may also seize any weapons found in the possession of the man, and ban him from removing or selling any family property.
Meque Vicente, the chairperson of the Assembly's Social Affairs Commission, which proposed the bill, denied that its purpose was to "break up the family". On the contrary, it was defending families against violence.
"We have already legislated to protect children", he said, referring to child protection legislation passed last year. "Now we should legislate to protect women'.
Although the bill eventually passed unanimously, there was hostile muttering from some members of the former rebel movement Renamo. Thus Antonio Muchanga criticized the bill for not being "inclusive". He thought the law should also deal with violence against men.
Anselmo Vitor protested that the bill was "discriminatory". He claimed there had been an earlier consensus that the bill must include all forms of violence, "but now everything's changed, and it only mentions violence against women".
Renamo women deputies did not agree. Helena Zitha pointed out that widows in the Mozambican countryside are victims of pitiless violence from their late husbands' relatives. "Everything that a widow managed to obtain when she was living with her later husband is torn away from her", she said.
Nobody pushed their objections to a vote, and so the bill passed unanimously and by acclamation. It will now be amended in committee before coming back to the plenary for a final vote in mid-July.
29 June 2009
- Violence against Women in the context of Political Transformations and Economic Crisis in the Euro-Mediterranean Region:
- Too Young to Wed
- Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, Rashida Manjoo*
- Disposable Victims: Laws and Practices on Gender-related Killings of Women and Girls in the Islamic Republic of Iran