The Islamization of Criminal Law: A Comparative Analysis

Peters discussed hadd punishments under the Islamic Penal Code in Iran, including stoning. He argues that in light of the many restraints put by the shariah on the application of hadd punishments, it is doubtful whether the numerous convictions of stoning were all obtained in conformity with shariah, which stipulates that testimonies and confessions made under duress are not valid. 

Peters, Rudolph
Source publication: 
Die Welt des Islams, New Series, Vol. 34, Issue 2. (Nov., 1994), pp. 246-274.