legal code of a nation ordinarily reflects, or should reflect, the values of the
society that form that nation. It depicts the influence of its past history and
its future aspirations or, at least, the aspirations of those in control. The
structure, mode, content and intent of the code indicate the ethical concepts
peculiar to that nation. All penal codes have ostensibly the same aims - to
punish the offender, to prevent crime and to preserve the peace.