This paper mentions women’s ownership of, access to and control over land in the context of the complexity and diversity of women's informal financial practices in Senegal. It suggests that these practices are at the centre of a constant dialectic between short-term and long-term horizons, between the requirements of daily survival and the demands of community solidarity, and between personal aspirations and collective constraints.
Women in Senegal face immense obstacles to individual land acquisition and control. Land inaccessibility is a problem that leads to limitations on women's economic productivity and food security. Women in Senegal can access land through associations and groups of women, but this is not sufficient for guaranteeing continuity and independence of land control.
Land and decentralization policies in Senegal have been closely linked since the country became independent in 1960. Public lands are currently managed by the local government of municipalties and rural communities, with the latter responsible for the land and natural resources in unprotected parts of their territory, and the former empowered to issue building permits. The law also provides opportunities for rural communities, municipalties and regions to be involved in managing special areas such as classified forests, national parks and protected spaces.
This paper mentions: “Womenreceived plots of landfor their use from their fathers, or if married, from their husbands but they could not pass these on to their heirs, not even to their sons. It also discusses how the household farming system has changed in Senegalin the post-independence period.”
Migrants are important to development and poverty reduction in their home countries. For many countries the levels of remittances from relatives abroad exceed development and foreign direct investment. This study explores the linkages between international remittances and access to land in the home countries, with a focus on West Africa, specifically Ghana and Senegal.
As stated in the Abstract, “this dissertation demonstrates how external agency participatory programs with village committees and how multi-party competition and rivalries have undermined women's decision making and access to forest resources and land in a rural Senegalese community. Using a participatory approach based on "village committees" in Malidino Biodiversity Reserve, the World Bank and Senegal forest service have bestowed discretionary power on traditional leaders and on local elected officials.
The purpose of this report is to supplement, or “shadow,” the periodic report of the government of Senegal to the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights during its 26th session. The report has been compiled and written by the Center for Reproductive Law and Policy (CRLP) and Groupe de recherche femmes et lois au Sénégal (GREFELS).This report discusses issues of rape, domestic violence, femicide, and FGM in the context of Senegal.
The chapter of this book that addresses the situation of Senegal begins with an explication of the legal and political framework – structure of government and sources of law. It then examines reproductive health and rights, and within this section discusses the prevalence, laws and policies to prevent, and additional efforts to prevent FGM. Then it moves on to look at understanding the exercise of reproductive rights – i.e. women’s legal status – such as marriage, divorce and custody laws, as well as the right to physical integrity.
This report discusses the obligations of the Senegalese government in the protection of women and combating practices of violence against women, based on signed and ratified conventions, international law, and the laws of (as well as pointing out the shortcomings) the Constitution of Senegal. This includes issues of forced marriage, customary laws that inhibit divorced women from keeping their homes, the right to education and employment, reproductive/sexual rights, and high instances of domestic violence, marital rape, and FGM.