Numerous titling and registration programs have been implemented in Latin America, Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe as a necessary measure to ensure the property rights of smallholders and increase their access to other production factors, particularly credit. A major criticism of titling programs and formal property rights institutions (such as property registries), however, is their tendency to grant title for household landed property to just one person in the household, usually the male head of household.
This paper is based on extensive fieldwork in tsunami-affected Aceh, Indonesia, between August 2006 and January 2007, and focuses on two key land rights issues for women in tsunami-affected Aceh: inheritance and documentation of land rights.
This is a report on restoring and confirming land rights for internally displaced persons in tsunami affected Aceh, Indonesia. The report addresses two issues: the need for sufficient tenure security to support housing reconstruction and land allocation and need to minimize land grabbing and other land related conflicts. Cross cutting issues taken into account include protection of the rights of vulnerable groups including women.
This summary of Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) issues in Indonesia is part of a series of LTPR Country Profiles produced for USAID. The profile includes information on property rights and tenure concerning land, forests, freshwater, and minerals, as well as an aggregation of LTPR-related indicators. Options and opportunities for intervention by USAID are presented at the end of the profile, along with an extensive list of references for additional information.
One of the more notable features of Indonesian Islamic law is its recognition of the concept of jointly owned marital property which bears a striking similarity to the community property system in California. In both systems the marital estate consists of property acquired during the marriage through the efforts of either of the spouses.
Islamic inheritance law has long been a source of controversy in Indonesia. The controversy has generally been framed in terms of a supposed conflict between Islamic inheritance doctrines and the customary law or adat of the country's many ethnic communities. This article argues that recent developments in Indonesian Islamic inheritance law have narrowed the differences between Islamic and customary approaches to the distribution of property on death.
Indonesia the largest Muslim country in the world, has witnessed what may be interpreted as a continued Islamisation of its Family Law, including the absorption & subsumption of prevalent practices into a logic of codification and reform according to particular interpretations of Muslim laws. But in the light of the Government’s 1988 Compilation of Islamic law, some limited changes in the inheritance laws favourable to women have taken place. The paper by Cammack examines the intricacies of this process in Indonesia.