Middle East

Les autres partis politiques n’ont pas la prétention de fournir une solution d’ensemble, applicable à toutes les facettes de la vie communautaire et privée ; donc le fondamentalisme, qui a une réponse toute faite à toutes ces questions (par exemple dans les domaines de l’éducation, de la vie familiale, de la succession, de l’art, etc.), est reçu par les masses désabusées comme un remède magique à tous les maux de la société. Cette approche séduit tous ceux qui désespèrent de trouver une solution même partielle à leurs difficultés.
“Est-ce tomber dans la subjectivité que d’“attribuer une grande importance au poids de l’Islam” dans l’étude des causes de l’oppression de la femme arabe ? Malgré toutes les transformations survenues dans le monde arabe depuis l’ère des califes, on est encore loin de la laïcité. Dans tous les Etats arabes islamiques, les lois sur le mariage, le divorce et le statut des femmes (inférieures quoi qu’il en soit) reposent encore sur le droit coranique, ou s’en inspirent directement. Quel est le rôle de l’Islam, son influence et son utilisation ?
In the Arab world, a woman must convince the court that she is 'harmed' by her husband to get a divorce.

The Current Status

The current status of personal status laws in Arab countries have three distinct flaws: the absence of a unified law, the absence of equality between men and women, and the absence of equality between people of different religious denominations. We shall speak briefly of each to explain.

1.
“Wanted: Flat for three twenty-something Palestinian women to rent; Must be in Jewish west Jerusalem and free from religious bigots and bombers”.

That would be an honest advertisement if Manal Diab, Sonia and Wafa Khoury wanted to be open about their recent travails on the top floor of No. 16 Iddo the Prophet Street.
The decision stunned even its leaders. During their model parliament held last April in the Gaza Strip, Palestinian women's rights activists first recommended that laws be enacted to restrain and regulate polygamy; that it be allowed only in exceptional cases and with the first wife being offered a divorce. But after the 126 "delegates" confirmed the vote, they dramatically invalidated the decision.
Mansiya, a pseudonym that means ‘the forgotten’, is a university student aged 22. She was born in the north of Israel and lives today in the center of the country. She writes about what it’s like to be an Arab lesbian.

Many claim that there’s no difference between a Jewish and an Arab lesbian, because for both it demands courage and lots of openness. In my opinion, there’s a difference between the two experiences because Israeli society is composed of a majority and a minority.
During the past decade, the issue of gender relations and women’s conduct and dress has been occupying an increasingly prominent place in the discourse of Islamist movements.
Is it a lapse into impressionism to ‘lend great importance to the weight of Islam’ in considering the roots of the oppression of Arab women? Despite all the social transformations that have occurred in the Arab world since the era of the caliphs, secularisation has yet to take hold in nearly all the Arab countries. Legislation dealing with marriage, divorce, and the status of women (inferior in all cases) is still based on, or directly inspired by, Koranic law in all the Arabic-Islamic states. What role is played by Islam, what is its influence, and how is it used?
In referring to Middle Eastern cultures, writers and speakers often allude to the Arab, Persian, Turkish etc. Cultures. What do these terms mean? What do they imply? Are these the true cultural boundaries in the Middle East?
The study of women in the Middle East, now well into its second decade, has produced an impressive corpus of papers and periodical articles. For purely practical reasons, this review focuses on writings in English, in a selective rather than all-inclusive manner. The analysis of women in the Middle East has not always been undertaken with reference to Islam, but a significant body of works, influenced partly by the Islamic resurgence, coincident with the rise of the study of women as a separate field, does have reference to Islam.
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