[state] women’s political participation

The Egyptian government should act to end discrimination against women in judicial positions in all courts, Human Rights Watch said today.  The Supreme Judicial Council on February 22, 2010, overruled a vote taken on February 15 by an administrative court, known as the Council of State, to bar women from its judicial positions. Despite this important ruling, women are still barred from serving as judges in other state bodies, including criminal courts, Human Rights Watch said. Update on Egypt: Women judges barred from influential court

For women in Iraq, the coming national elections offer both a promise and a reminder of the difficulty of change in this male-dominated culture. The Constitution calls for at least 25 percent of Parliament’s seats to go to women. But the first women elected in 2005 have had little effect, analysts and women who are members of Parliament say. Now, as the campaign begins for the country’s second post-invasion parliamentary vote, on March 7, some women say a new female political class is starting to emerge. In one sign of this development, 12 women from outside the political system have formed their own party, with a platform built on women’s rights and a jobs program for Iraq’s more than 700,000 widows.

Judges voted on Monday to bar women from ruling in an influential court which advises Egypt's government, official media reported, in a move slammed by human rights activists. The Council of State's association voted by an overwhelming majority against appointing women as judges in the council, Egypt's MENA news agency said. "Three-hundred and eighty judges took part in the general assembly and voted, with 334 rejecting the appointment of females to judicial posts and 42 agreeing, with four abstentions."

  ومفتى الجماعة يرجع الرفض لـ«الخوف على المرأة ومنها. أعلنت جماعة الإخوان المسلمين رفضها التام تعديل لائحة مكتب الإرشاد الداخلية، وذلك على خلفية عدد من المطالبات من داخل الجماعة بضرورة تعديل اللائحة قبل انتخابات المكتب لضمان دخول أعضاء يمثلون المرأة والشباب. وقال الشيخ محمد عبدالله الخطيب، عضو مكتب الإرشاد ومفتى الجماعة، لـ«المصرى اليوم»: «لا يوجد أى تفكير فى تعديل اللائحة الداخلية، وسوف نقوم بتحويل كل من طالب بتعديلها للتحقيق تمهيداً لإيقاف وتجميد هؤلاء عن العمل داخل التنظيم».

A husband can prevent his wife from participating in the political life under Egypt's personal status Laws. This was the concern expressed by one of the contributors to a workshop held by the Land Centre of Human Rights in Cairo entitled "woman and the parliamentary election" attended by more than fifty members from civil organization, local assemblies, lawyers, and journalists. The workshop proceedings started with the first session titled "Reasons and results of women's quota" headed by the coordinator of program of woman in the centre, Ms. Dahlia Omara.

‘Give peace a chance’ may just be another cliché for many, but for women who have suffered the ravages of war, endless strife and other forms of conflict, joining hands to find meaningful solutions to their collective aspiration lends it a whole new meaning. "For 5,000 years women have been sitting in ‘jirgas’ (tribal councils), at least in Afghanistan. We have ‘jirgas’ all over Pakistan’s tribal areas also, and we thought why not introduce this concept?"

Conditions of financial dependency complicate women’s participation in politics and make the funding of political campaigns extremely hard.
Fatima Zahra Mansouri, avocate de 33 ans, est une femme maire de Marrakech.
Egypt elected the first Arab woman to parliament in 1957, but in the half century since, the most populous country in the Arab world has gone from being a leader in women's political participation to a lagger.
This law allocating seats for women in the People's Assembly has come after more than 25 years of women's numbers decreasing in the parliament.
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