A women’s human rights organization that focuses on women’s legal rights issues under the three (3) systems of law – customary, statutory and religious laws in Nigeria. The organization evolved from an ad hoc group of activists, social scientists, lawyers, and specialists in Muslim laws and Arabic who were responsible for executing the Women and Laws Nigeria project, under the auspices of the International Solidarity Network of Women Living Under Muslim Laws from 1993 to 1996. In 1996, BAOBAB as presently constituted formally came into being.
This chapter is divided into two main sections. The first focuses on some theological and other variables associated with islam in Nigeria and briefly examines the historical context of Islamisation with Nigerian society. The second section discusses specific social and economic dimensions of Islam with respect to gender relations, and the manner in which traditional norms and Islamic injunctions have accommodated one another.
The authors argue that the patterns of inheritance and succession, particularly under intestate estate under customary law in Nigeria, have almost as many variations as there are ethnic groups in the country, and many of the variations are discriminatory in practice. The law of succession and inheritance reflects Nigeria's plural legal system. Indigenous customary law developed rules of inheritance for intestacy through the traditional canon of descent, as adapted over the years to changes in the society and the rule of natural justice as applied by the courts.