This is the final report of a study that sought to assess the social and economic impacts of land titling and home ownership programmes in urban and peri-urban areas of developing countries. These programmes have been widely promoted by governments and international agencies despite limited empirical evidence of their benefits / impacts. Following a literature review, case studies were undertaken in Senegal and South Africa.
After analysing the challenges to agriculture in Africa, this paper shows how agricultural production is defined by farmers and by the public services, describes its main characteristics, and observes and discusses their ramifications for this sector. The significance of land tenure for farmers is examined, along with land policies. Particular attention is paid to the national land law, local government law, the framework agricultural law and constitutional matters.
This study analyses the important role played by women in the Senegalese economy through their contribution in agriculture, which remains the key activity and the target of development policy. Such analysis shows that although their contribution is extremely important, it is invisible and not taken into account. Although they toil in the land, women have no right to own it. Land is the property of men. Even when most of the rural men immigrate to developed countries and stay there for many years, they still control the land cultivated by women who are in charge of the families welfare.
As stated in the Abstract, “gender differences in knowledge of NRM practices have long been noted in Senegal and throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. An exploration of these differences among a sample of rural Senegalese men and women shows that these differences are, in part, a function of extension agent interventions. The level of knowledge of a set of NRM technologies is associated with contact with three key types of extension agent in rural Senegal: extension team leaders, forestry agents, and women's agents.
Inheriting the family farm can be a mixed blessing in a setting in which land and credit markets do not work well, and being in charge of the farm comes with familial and societal sharing obligations relevant to incentives for diversification into non-farm activities. Using original data on Senegal that include an individualized measure of consumption, we study the role played by land inheritance, other bequests and parental background as influences on an individual adult’s economic welfare and current economic activities, emphasizing differences between men and women.
This paper is a study of how commoditisation and female migration among the Jola in Senegal have provided opportunities for women to free themselves from male control over their labour. It questions whether despite these gains, women are nevertheless marginalised in Senegal’s urban economy.