Dossier Articles

Asghar Ali Engineer[1]

Nous devons faire le point sur les divers événements qui ont eu lieu en Inde au cours des cinquante dernières années de notre indépendance ainsi que sur les développements intervenus à cette période dans la communauté musulmane, notamment en ce qui concerne les mouvements de réforme dans l’Islam indien.
L’année 1994 a été une année record en matière de politique populaire et radicale en Afrique du Sud. Cette même année, les forces conservatrices du pays ont également connu un regain de jeunesse[1]. La création du parlement tricaméral par le Parti national a intensifié les luttes populaires. Au cours de la résistance à l’apartheid, plusieurs confessions religieuses (y compris les Musulmans) ont rejoint le parti démocratique.
“Est-ce tomber dans la subjectivité que d’“attribuer une grande importance au poids de l’Islam” dans l’étude des causes de l’oppression de la femme arabe ? Malgré toutes les transformations survenues dans le monde arabe depuis l’ère des califes, on est encore loin de la laïcité. Dans tous les Etats arabes islamiques, les lois sur le mariage, le divorce et le statut des femmes (inférieures quoi qu’il en soit) reposent encore sur le droit coranique, ou s’en inspirent directement. Quel est le rôle de l’Islam, son influence et son utilisation ?
Thanks to the massive postcolonial immigration that has taken place in recent years, France is today a state in which people are increasingly concerned with their collective identities as either “Maghrebi”/ ”Muslim” or “French”. It is important to see that this creation of politicized ethnic identities exists on both sides, not just that of the minorities. The core process of “ethnicization” involves linking a specific population to distinctive cultural characteristics. The collective control of female behavior and the use of feminine representations is central to this process.
(PAKISTAN TIMES) Shariat court to Islamise fiscal laws: House prorogued. Constitution 9th Amend. Bill introduced in Senate.

ISLAMABAD, Dec, 23: The Senate was prorogued by President Mohammad Ziaul-Haq tonight following introduction of the Constitution (Ninth Amendment) Bill. 1985 by the Federal Justice and Parliamentary Affairs Minister, Mr. Iqbal Ahmed Khan. Introducing the Bill, Mr Iqbal Ahmed Khan said that this marked the redemption of Prime Minister Mohammad Khan Junejo's pledge to the House in this connection.
9 of December ‘99

On 21st January 2000, Rajko Danilovic, Flora Brovina’s defence lawyer, filed an appeal against his client’ s twelve-year sentence. The appeal hearing was scheduled for 16th May 2000. The appeal called for the Supreme Court to either acquit Mrs. Brovina, or to release her on bail pending a retrial. Grounds for the retrial include violations of the due process during the trial hearings including a breach of the Serbian Code of Civil Procedure. On 7th June 2000 the Serbian Supreme Court has overturned the conviction of Mrs.
[Belgrade, May 20th-August 5th, 1999]

The Kosovo crisis is at the heart of the decade long war drama of the late country that used to be called Yugoslavia. The symbolic sign of the scope of immensely shallow (mis)understanding of the dead country’s destiny is (for those of us who still remember) today painfully visible in CNN headlines: “War in Yugoslavia”.

What “Yugoslavia” the world is talking about today? The trick with people’s memory and amnesia is maybe unintentional, but it’s no less misleading.
[31 July 2001] What started in Hassi Messaoud, Algeria on the night of July 13-14, 2001 is NOT one more crime/violence/violation in the wartime situation that our country has now become famous for. A qualitative change has taken place.
This essay draws on several talks and conversations: Brandeis University, 17 March 1998; Harvard University, 19 November 1998; and American Association of Religion, 23 November 1999. 1 would like to thank the organizers of each event for giving me the opportunity to present these ideas, and other panel participants and the audience for critical comments. Special thanks to Camron Amin, Janet Jakobsen, Irena Klepfisz, and Ann Pellegrini for many thoughtful conversations.
February 11, 1979
Ayatollah Khomeini and his followers take power after a revolution.

February 26, 1979

Khomeini announces that the Family Protection Law (1967) is abrogated.

March 3, 1979

Khomeini announces that women cannot be judges.

March 6, 1979

Khomeini announces that women are to wear hejab in the workplace.
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