Senegal

Depuis 1982 que la violence s’est installée en Casamance, les perspectives de paix entre le gouvernement du Sénégal et le MFDC, un mouvement indépendantiste, ne se sont jamais concrétisées de manière durable. Aux longues périodes d’accalmie succèdent régulièrement des flambées de violence qui remettent en cause les négociations et les processus de paix qui s’engagent. Depuis plusieurs mois, la cette région sud du Sénégal est à nouveau tombée dans ce cycle de violence. Et pour les femmes de cette région qui lancent cet appel, il est temps que cela cesse.

Efforts to eradicate female genital circumcision in West Africa have taken a step forward with a fatwa against the practice in Mauritania and sanctions in Niger against mothers who subject their daughters to it. Known also as female genital mutilation (FGM), the tradition involves removing external parts of a girl's genitals and sometimes narrowing the vaginal opening. Bleeding, disease and problems in urinating and childbirth can result for millions of victims each year in Africa and the Middle East.

More than two-thirds of African countries have laws criminalizing homosexual acts, and despite accounting for a significant percentage of new infections in many countries, men who have sex with men tend to be left out of the HIV response. "[They] are going underground; they are hiding themselves and continuing to fuel the epidemic," UNAIDS executive director Michél Sidibé told IRIN/PlusNews recently. "We need to make sure these vulnerable groups have the same rights everyone enjoys: access to information, care and prevention for them and their families."  IRIN/PlusNews has compiled a short list of human rights violations against gay Africans:

A violent public backlash provoked by conservative religious leaders has many gay men now fearing for their safety.
A Senegalese court sentenced two women to six months in jail Thursday for circumcising a baby girl, rights watchdog Raddho said of a case that sparked clashes between religious protesters and police.
Après la chasse aux sorcières, voici la chasse aux "goorjigen" (terme péjoratif qui signifie littéralement “homme-femme” en wolof)".
International rights groups have welcomed the release of nine AIDS activists in Senegal, who were sentenced in January for their sexual orientation.
‘Si nous ne nous décidons pas à agir, nous ne cesserons de payer les conséquences. Le cas de la récente lapidation d’une femme par son mari dans le quartier populaire de Yeumbeul en est la preuve’, souligne Codou Bop.
Plusieurs organisations internationales de lutte contre le sida ont dénoncé la condamnation début janvier à huit ans de prison de neuf Sénégalais sur la base de leur orientation sexuelle présumée.
International AIDS organisations have condemned the imprisonment of nine Senegalese AIDS activists for their sexual orientation, saying it threatens to reverse gains made in Senegal's fight against HIV.
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