Today the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies released its second annual report on the state of human rights in the Arab world for the year 2009. The report, entitled Bastion of Impunity, Mirage of Reform, concludes that the human rights situation in the Arab region has deteriorated throughout the region over the last year. The report reviews the most significant developments in human rights during 2009 in 12 Arab countries: Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Sudan, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Yemen. It also devotes separate chapters to the Arab League and an analysis of the performance of Arab governments in UN human rights institutions.
Women in Arab countries are making human rights history as they break down barriers to being treated as full citizens in their own countries. In the past few years, women in Algeria, Egypt, and Morocco married to foreigners have won the right to convey their citizenship to their children. Algerian women can also now extend citizenship rights to their spouses.
In the Middle East and North Africa, where political change occurs slowly, blogging has becomes a serious medium for social and political commentary as well as a target of government suppression, writes Mohamed Abdel Dayem. Before the June presidential election, the Iranian government blocked access to more than a dozen social networking sites and online news sources perceived as favoring opposition candidates. Hours before polls opened, SMS, or short message service for mobile phones, was disrupted and remained offline for weeks. The day after the election, the government shut down mobile phone service for an entire day.
Posted by Yusra: While in Washington, D.C., last month, I attended a forum on Muslim women’s rights titled “Women and the Politics of Change in the Middle East,” at the John Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. It was sponsored by the Women’s Learning Partnership, an international NGO dedicated to women’s leadership and empowerment, especially in Muslim majority countries. The event was held to honor the 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination (CEDAW). CEDAW is a U.N. treaty aimed at providing a universal framework for women’s rights.
ومفتى الجماعة يرجع الرفض لـ«الخوف على المرأة ومنها. أعلنت جماعة الإخوان المسلمين رفضها التام تعديل لائحة مكتب الإرشاد الداخلية، وذلك على خلفية عدد من المطالبات من داخل الجماعة بضرورة تعديل اللائحة قبل انتخابات المكتب لضمان دخول أعضاء يمثلون المرأة والشباب. وقال الشيخ محمد عبدالله الخطيب، عضو مكتب الإرشاد ومفتى الجماعة، لـ«المصرى اليوم»: «لا يوجد أى تفكير فى تعديل اللائحة الداخلية، وسوف نقوم بتحويل كل من طالب بتعديلها للتحقيق تمهيداً لإيقاف وتجميد هؤلاء عن العمل داخل التنظيم».
A husband can prevent his wife from participating in the political life under Egypt's personal status Laws. This was the concern expressed by one of the contributors to a workshop held by the Land Centre of Human Rights in Cairo entitled "woman and the parliamentary election" attended by more than fifty members from civil organization, local assemblies, lawyers, and journalists. The workshop proceedings started with the first session titled "Reasons and results of women's quota" headed by the coordinator of program of woman in the centre, Ms. Dahlia Omara.
رفضت مشيرة خطاب وزيرة الدولة للأسرة والسكان المصرية منح أى مهلة للأطباء الذين يجرون عمليات ختان، حيث إن القانون الذي يجرم هذه العادة سارى منذ يونيو/ حزيران 2008 ولابد من تنفيذه.. مطالبة وزارة الصحة بضرورة الإعلان عن أسماء الأطباء الذين يرتكبون هذه الجريمة لوسائل الإعلام لردع وترهيب كل طبيب يحاول ارتكاب مثل هذه الممارسة الضارة.