Following an 'orfy' (a common law marriage in which the state is not involved) women lack legal protection afforded by a registered marriage contract, and also face the anger of society.
Le principal quotidien égyptien, Al-Ahram, a publié un dossier de trente pages, intitulé "La circoncision des femmes du point de vue de l'Islam", réalisé par le docteur Salim Al Awaa.
In its first-ever report on personal status laws, Human Rights Watch (HRW) paints a bleak picture of women suffering under Egypt's divorce system. Gihan Shahine (Al Ahram Weekly) reviews the report and asks its author, Farida Deif, some tough questions.
On October 2, 2004, the new Family Courts Law, passed in March 2004, has come into effect and 224 Family Courts have opened their doors for the first time.
A new family court system recently set up across Egypt will lead to a huge improvement in women's legal rights, advocates say.
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