This country brief attempts to determine to what extent USAID’s programmes to improve land markets and property rights have contributed to secure tenure and lower transaction costs in developing countries thereby helping to achieve economic growth and sustainable development.
In rural areas of the Sahel, women’s access to land is becoming more precarious under the influence of several factors, demographic, climatic, socio-cultural and economic. Ce constat a amené certains auteurs à évoquer une « déféminasation » de l'agriculture dans certaines localités (Diarra-Doka et Monimart, 2004). This has led some authors to refer to a "déféminasation" of agriculture in certain localities.
This summary of Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) issues in Niger is part of a series of LTPR Country Profiles produced by Associates in Rural Development, World Resources Institute and Rural Development Institute for USAID. The profile includes information on property rights and tenure concerning land, forests, freshwater, and minerals, as well as an aggregation of LTPR-related indicators. Options and opportunities for intervention by USAID are presented at the end of the profile, along with an extensive list of references for additional information.
This paper considers the position of women in the social dynamics regulating access to farmland by different members of Hausa households. How does Hausa society manage land ownership within households when changing dynamics and constant challenges from a range of factors require new mechanisms for land redistribution which are subsequently accepted and recognised by everyone?
This paper is a summary of a regional case study on gender, land and decentralisation. The main study has two parts: three portraits of women showing different examples of access to natural resources and local leadership; and a general report based on the portraits and on interviews carried out in seven study sites in Maradi and Zinder regions in Niger.
(Ordinance no 93-015 du 2 mars 1993 protant Principles d’Orientation du Code Rural). Niger’s 1993 Rural Code brings together in one document diverse legislation regulating rural areas, and explicitly raises customary law to the same status as statutory law (Article 5) and recognizes customary property rights (article 8). Its specific objectives are to:
- Provide land tenure security for rural stakeholders.
29 March to 27 April 2010 (Global): The witchcraft epidemic in Africa is fueled by religious extremism. Practitioners of traditional African religions, traditional healers, witch-doctors and Christian missionaries and religious leaders incite witch-hunts on this continent. There are comparisons to be made between Africas current witch-craze, European Inquisitions and American witch-hunts. Perhaps the lessons to be learned in Africa are the same as those that needed to be learned by Europeans and Americans; there is no culture without human rights. All men and women, including Witches, have the right to live without being falsely accused, assaulted, persecuted or murdered.
Efforts to eradicate female genital circumcision in West Africa have taken a step forward with a fatwa against the practice in Mauritania and sanctions in Niger against mothers who subject their daughters to it. Known also as female genital mutilation (FGM), the tradition involves removing external parts of a girl's genitals and sometimes narrowing the vaginal opening. Bleeding, disease and problems in urinating and childbirth can result for millions of victims each year in Africa and the Middle East.