June 26, 2014, Tripoli - The Libyan lawyer and human rights activist Salwa Bughaighis always made a head-turning sight on the streets of Benghazi. Unveiled and striding confidently to meeting after meeting, she was one of the few who continued to challenge Islamist militias despite increased threats and violence. After years of standing up to Muammar Gaddafi’s tyranny and defending Islamist activists, some of whom were now trying to impose their views on her and other women, she continued to stand up for herself and other Libyan women.
In September, we asked you to tell us about your women’s right heroes, activists and journalists who have contributed to the advancement of women’s rights worldwide showing courage, creativity and innovation. You gave us an incredible range of names, making the Trust Women Awards a truly global event.
We received 170 nominations from more than 140 countries, and at the winners were revealed last on the evening of December 3 at Trust Women conference in London. Libyan women’s rights activist Alaa Murabit and Indian investigative journalist Neha Dixit took home the 2013 Trust Women Awards.
Libya women played a crucial role in the revolution and were initially part of mediation and transition discussions, but have since been dismissed as stake holders by the transitional government and international actors.
Libyan women are fighting for formal comprehensive investigations and justice for victims of sexual violence perpetrated within the Qadhafi regime, during the revolution and in the transitional period.
International actors who previously committed to the UN Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security have failed to implement the agenda consistently and in all spheres, particularly in security sector reform discussions.
Libya women face rising religious extremism and non-inclusive electoral laws which inhibit independent voices in the political sphere
As Libya transitions out of the 42-year autocratic rule of the Muammar Qaddafi regime, an urgent theme has emerged: the need to safeguard women’s participation as Libya codifies human rights in national legislation and establishes government institutions and services.
Major decisions are being made that will impact Libya’s future as a democratic State. For instance, women are actively seeking participation in the drafting process of the new constitution and in the formation of government policies across all sectors to advance their concerns. Currently, there is no provision for gender parity or the inclusion of women in the 60-member Constitutional Committee being formed. This omission is concerning, as a gender parity provision was included in the 2012 electoral law.
Following the revolution, many women and girls had restrictions imposed on their movement by family, due in part to growing concerns regarding the security of women and girls throughout the country. These restrictions are tightening as stories of violence against women circulate and uncertainty of centralized authority for the military and police continues to exist. As a result, women and girls are often confined to their homes, especially in the evenings.
طالبت نائبات كتله "صوت المراه"، في المؤتمر الوطني الليبي (البرلمان المؤقت) الاربعاء، بقيه نواب المؤتمر بالتضامن معهن في المطالبه بزياده نسبه تمثيل المراه في لجنه صياغة الدستور الجديد للبلاد، الي 35% بدلاً من 10%.وتنص مسوده قانون انتخاب لجنه الدستور الجديد للبلاد، والمسماه بـ"لجنه الستين" (من خارج اعضاء المؤتمر الوطني) والتي كشف عنها المؤتمر قبل 3 ايام، علي ان تشارك المراه في اللجنه بنسبه 10% من اجمالي عدد اعضائها البالغ 60 عضوًا.
هذا التقرير يلقي الضوء على خطوات أساسية ينبغي على ليبيا إنجازها على طريق الوفاء بالتزاماتها الدولية، من خلال رفض التمييز بناء على النوع الاجتماعي (الجندر) بحزم في القانون والممارسة على السواء. التقرير يطالب البرلمان الليبي – المؤتمر الوطني العام – بضمان إشراك السيدات على قدم المساواة بالرجال في كامل مراحل عملية صياغة الدستور، بما في ذلك المشاركة النسائية النشطة والفعالة في الجمعية التأسيسية المنوطة تحضير مسودة الدستور.