Violence against women

Overview of contents:

- Introduction

  Challenges to document VAW in Syria 
  Legal framework 


- Violation of the Rights to life 

  Killings of women in the context of military fighting 

  Execution of women during massacres 

  Use of women as human shields 

Samreen Shahbaz

In January 2005, Dr. Shazia Khalid was raped by member of the Pakistan Army in a remote area of Baluchistan province. Dr. Shazia Khalid is a medical doctor who was working as an employee of Pakistan Petroleum Limited at that time, and the incident happened at her compound which was located inside the hospital’s premises in the Sui area of Baluchistan. A case was filed and investigations began after her husband made repeated visits to the police. The military government of that time found Dr. Khalid’s protests against sexual assault by a military employee extremely irritating and started making conscious efforts to remove the thorn in their side. First, the authorities destroyed the evidence and later, they started questioning the character of the victim by narrating shady stories of “used condoms” being found at her compound. Her case was also dismissed on the grounds that the victim failed to produce four witnesses of the incident. Her case increased tensions between the Baluch nationalist tribes and the Pak Army as the tribes took the incident as an attack on their honour. Dr. Khalid was kept under a house arrest in Karachi for several weeks. Eventually, she was flown out of the country and the entire story was swept under the carpet. Dr. Shazia Khalid is still awaiting justice.

Afghanistan’s proposed reinstatement of atrocious punishments would mark a dangerous return to legalized state brutality, Amnesty International said today as it urged the authorities to reject such plans. 

Public stoning to death, amputation of limbs and flogging are among the brutal punishments being put forward as draft amendments to the Afghan Penal Code. 

“Stoning and amputation are always torture, and so is flogging as practised in Afghanistan. All these forms of punishment are strictly prohibited under international human rights treaties which are binding on Afghanistan,” said Horia Mosadiq, Afghanistan Researcher at Amnesty International. 

Twelve years after the fall of the TalibanAfghanistan's government is considering bringing back a gruesome spectacle that became synonymous with Islamist cruelty: the use of public stoning as a punishment for sex outside marriage.

The sentence for married adulterers, along with flogging for unmarried offenders, appears in a draft revision of the country's penal code being drawn up by the ministry of justice.

It is the latest in a string of encroachments on hard-won rights for women, after parliament quietly cut the number of seats set aside for women on provincial councils, and drew up a criminal code whose provisions will make it almost impossible to convict anyone for domestic violence.

According to a study by the World Health Organisation this year, 35% of women worldwide have experienced a form of violence. More than 64 million girls worldwide are child brides, and national violence studies show that up to 70 per cent of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime from an intimate partner.

The 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence was set up to raise awareness of the endemic nature of gender-based violence, to strengthen work against it, and to demonstrate the solidarity of women throughout the world organising to eliminate such violence.  The dates November 25 - International Day Against Violence Against Women - and December 10 - International Human Rights Day - symbolically link violence against women and human rights to emphasize that such violence is a violation of human rights.

This year’s theme ‘Militarism – from peace in the home to peace in the world’ - chosen for the second consecutive time - speaks to its continued relevance. The last 12 months have seen escalated violence and instability:  political uprisings in North Africa and the Middle East; separatism, insurgency and intervention in Mali; the repression of civil society protest in Sudan; and devastating civil war in Syria, to name just some examples. 

مخيم الزعتري، الأردن, نوفمبر (آي بي إس) - بلغت أماني 22 من العمر للتو.

وكانت قد فرت قبل شهرين من الحرب الأهلية في سوريا تاركة منزلها في العاصمة دمشق. وبعد رحلة خطيرة استغرقت الليل بأكمله وصلت أماني إلى الزعتري، حيث يوجد مخيم للاجئين بمنطقة الحدود في الأردن، وحيث يعيش والداها واثنان من أخواتها منذ أكثر من سنة.

في دمشق، كانت تعيش مع زوجها وخمسة أطفال في شقة وسط المدينة القديمة. وكالعديد من الفتيات السوريات، تزوجت أماني عندما كانت لا تزال طفلة، فقد وجدث فتي أحلامها في سن 15 عاماً فتزوجته

A landmark decision by the High Court in Kenya found that police inaction in dealing with rape cases brought by 160 girls had created a climate of impunity for defilement, which rendered the State indirectly responsible for the harms inflicted on the girls by their rapists.

November 21, 2013 (KHARTOUM) - The trial of two Sudanese activists, are at risk of flogging for alleged ‘indecent behaviour’ has been postponed until 26 November.

Najlaa Mohammed Ali, a lawyer and human rights activist, and Amin Senada, also an activist, were arrested on 21 October in Port Sudan after they were found to be travelling in the same car together.

According to Amnesty International (AI), members of Sudan’s police and security forces took the pair into custody after accusing Senada of placing his hand on Ali’s shoulder. It said officers had threatened to use force if they refused to comply.

من مسافة بعيدة، تبدو جليلة أحمد* ونبيلة أحمد* فتاتين قرويتين عاديتين في أواخر سن المراهقة تقومان بالتسوق في السوق المحلي في إحدى ضواحي مدينة ميربور في إقليم كشمير الخاضع لإدارة باكستان.

ولكن عند النظر بتمعن، تبدو الاختلافات أكثر وضوحاً: تواجه الفتاتان صعوبة في التواصل مع البائعين، وتضحكان أحياناً عند محاولة إيجاد اسم نوع من الخضار أو عشبة ما. وعندما تتحدثان إلى بعضهما البعض، فإنهما تتخاطبان بالإنجليزية بلهجة أقرب إلى لهجة برادفورد منها إلى باهاوالبور. ولكنهما حذرتان لأنه قد طلب منهما عدم التحدث مع بعضهما البعض.

المرأة السورية بين مطرقة النظام وسندان المتشددين بيروت - أوليفر هولمز (رويترز) - وكالة أخبار المرأة

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