International

This study shows the experiences of immigrant African women who have been circumcised and sought maternity care in Sweden. It shows the encounters of women from Somalia, Eritrea,and Sudan who have been genitally cut withthe health care system in Sweden.

This is a tool design to investigate the effects of FGM on the psycho-sexual health of women and girls.

This material covers various areas/topics on FGM. It is an advocacy manual for the eradication of FGM and an awareness-raising tool for policy makers. It is available in English and Arabic. 

This book gives a detailed understanding of FGM in the context of Islam; its misinterpretations, arguments and clarifications with reference to the Quran and demystifying unauthentic hadith.

Chapter 13, entitled “Female Genital Mutilation: Stories from Africa”, is the most relevant in this book. It highlights empirical stories about FGM from Africa, and includes testimonies by women who suffered the culture while facilitating an understanding Female Genital Mutilation from a cultural point of view.  

AWID and the Women Human Rights Defenders International Coalition reviewed a broad range of urgent responses available to women human rights defenders Women Human Rights Defenders (WHRDs) at risk around the world. This report describes the types of resources and strategies available to respond to urgent situations of violence against WHRDs as well as some of the organizations that offer them.

Cette étude par Shaina Greiff porte sur les violences culturellement justifiées à l‟encontre des femmes, la manière dont la "culture" est utilisée pour justifier ces violences et les différentes formes qu‟elles peuvent revêtir. Des recommandations pour que les choses changent sont également formulées dans cette étude. Les enquêtes sur la „culture‟, les femmes et la violence ont été menées dans le cadre de la campagne mondiale « Arrêtons de tuer et de lapider les femmes » (ATLF), avec des partenaires au Sénégal, en Afghanistan, au Nigéria, au Pakistan, en Indonésie, en Iran et au Soudan. 

This paper addresses the issue of widespread gender-based violence in Arab countries. Honour crimes, FGM, rape, forced marriage, and domestic violence – with specific reference to Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq – are the main issues under discussion here. The author describes current legal reforms, and potentials for legislation, with regards to these manifestations of violence in each specific country.

Judith Wyttenbach provides an overview of areas of conflict between women’s rights, cultural traditions and state interventions and examines the question of whether freedom of religion and minority rights, protect by international and regional human rights treaties, can challenge the universality of women’s rights. She examines in particular the question of whether considerations of freedom of religion or cultural minority rights can legitimise violence against women.

This Strategy Paper argues that a structural cause for the persisting violence [against women] is the use of ‘culture’ to legitimise it. So a crucial step is to reject the ‘cultural’ excuses that are used to justify and thereby perpetuate such violence. Without taking this crucial step, no significant advance can be made, because even as international bodies call for an end to violence against women, such violence is occurring on the ground as an everyday ‘cultural’ norm.

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