This report contains a detailed review of international, regional, and national developments and best practices for ways and means of combating violence against women over the period 1994-2003. The report is not fully comprehensive, some regions or countries have been reported on in greater detail than others, reflecting the information that was available to the Special Rapporteur. (All countries of this bibliography are examined in this report)
This report documents a number of cultural practices (including FGM, honour killings, and witchcraft allegations) which violate women’s human rights to bodily integrity and to expression, as well as undermining essential values of equality and dignity. These practices and many others constitute a form of domestic violence but have avoided national and international scrutiny because they are seen as cultural practices that deserve tolerance and respect.
This book [in German] was produced as part of Terre des Femmes’ campaign against ‘honour crimes’ and is divided into four sections. The first section contains contributions on religion and honour and the legal legitimisation of such killings in the laws of Jordan, Turkey and Pakistan. The second section examines honour crimes as an international problem that occurs in many countries, and several national case studies are provided, including from Jordan, Turkey, Switzerland, Iraq, Afghanistan, India, and Iran.
Asma Barlas is a reformist religious scholar of Islam, from Pakistan based in the US, who argues that stoning is un-Islamic based on the fact that it is not in the Quran. This is just one document that presents her views on this. Others are on her website, www.asmabarlas.com.
The authors argue that cultural and personal systems of honour that depend on the behaviour of others are an integral part of the killing of women by their families or intimates. Comparing patterns of conduct in both traditional cultures and English-speaking countries, this study focuses on the basic element of such honour rationales – control, feelings of shame, and levels of community involvement – to establish that such rationales are a worldwide phenomenon.
This article presents a comprehensive discussion of Islamic interpretations of wife beating. Four schools with varying Islamic perspectives on the issue of wife beating are explored. The schools are classified based on the severity of the patriarchal values reflected in the structural relationship between men (husbands) and women (wives) within the family and the general society. Literal, patriarchal, and feminist interpretations of the Qur’anic text are provided.
Examining public attitudes towards violence against women, this paper provides a wider perspective by discussing violence against women in the Arab world and beyond with a cross-cultural overview followed by a focus on Saudi society. It presents the findings of an opinion survey conducted among men and women in the city of Jeddah. It examines their attitudes towards wife abuse and violence against women in the context of Saudi society.
This article undertakes a comparative study of stoning in Islam and Judaism. It states that in Islam stoning (rajm) is a punishment - originally from Hodoud – for adultery. In Judaism, stoning was only one of four different types of penalties used in cases of adultery, sodomy, and idolatry, and the ways in which this punishment is executed are quite different in Islam and Judaism. By comparing the size of the stones and the way it is done, one can say that in Islam the aim of this punishment is to be more painful.
Baghi discusses stoning from eight different vantage points: human rights, the Quran, traditional Islamic jurisprudence, as a case study, interest of Islam, legal perspective, emotional impact, and historical and sociological perspective.