This is the tenth in a series of articles concerning the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA), explaining how different parts were negotiated, what the paragraphs mean, and how they should be implemented. This article focuses on the question of land tenure. Conflict over land is one of the major reasons for the war in Darfur.

This paper mentions how women’s land rights are affected by fundamentalist movements, which do not respect women’s rights and status as autonomous citizens.

English Translation of Women and Land Tenure  (unpublished manuscript).

Snyder’s three papers above examine how land legislation in Senegal institutionalises the transition to capitalism.
The feminization of poverty in Sénégal seems largely related to women's difficulty in accessing resources, notably land. Patrilinear modes of social organization persist despite the existence of laws protecting the rights of women. Several studies have attempted to explain the persistence of gender-based injustice. However, they provide only a partial understanding of the plurality of situations and specific conditions of women. This project seeks to produce knowledge that will be used to advance the effectiveness of women's economic rights in Sénégal.
This paper present the findings of a field survey, which revealed that women never thought of invoking Islamic laws to advance their interests lest they should antagonise their male relatives and be compelled to forsake key social protections that they have traditionally enjoyed.

This paper analyzes the new role rural Senegalese women play as moneylenders in their agrarian communities. The shifting terrain of local credit institutions parallels contemporary trends in rural development: state-led agricultural cooperatives, which were introduced in 1960, formerly bolstered the position of elite farmers who lent out cash and grain to poor farmers during the dry-season months of scarcity.

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