(Ordinance no 93-015 du 2 mars 1993 protant Principles d’Orientation du Code Rural). Niger’s 1993 Rural Code brings together in one document diverse legislation regulating rural areas, and explicitly raises customary law to the same status as statutory law (Article 5) and recognizes customary property rights (article 8). Its specific objectives are to:
- Provide land tenure security for rural stakeholders.
This book explores aspects of Sudanese culture that have a strong impact on the perpetuation of female circumcision in Sudan. This includes: the historical ritual and meaning of the female circumcision ceremony; the importance placed on female circumcision by men in choosing their wives; and the cultural definition of sexuality and ethnic identity.
The chapter of interest is called “Midwifery Training and the Politics of Female Circumcision”. This chapter discusses the training of Sudanese midwives and supervising all midwifery practices for Sudanese medical services. It engages such people about their cultural norms, gender roles and intimate practices – such as childbirth and female circumcision.
This publication is based on the use of religious-oriented approaches to address FGM, and to search for issues in Islam regarding FGM practices. It demystifies misinterpretation that attempts to justify FGM among Somalis in Wajir – Kenya.
This publication provides information regarding women within the Muslim world focusing on the Gambia. The customary laws, the nature of the personal status laws of women and how women’s issues have been erroneously been led to believe that the only way of “being” is to follow the cultural and religious interpretations of womanhood.
This hand out describes the effects of Female Genital Mutilation from the health perspective using illustrations on effects of FGM on women’s Reproductive health and rights as well as its prevalence in Africa.
This is a case of FGM regarding three Gambian families with preadolescent daughters abroad. None of the girls had yet undergone the ritual "female circumcision" commonly practiced. Five of the six parents think it would be a good idea to hold such a ritual ceremony. The sixth parent is uneasy about the procedure and wonders about its appropriateness.