Iraq

Warvin Foundation for Women's Issues have announced the formation of a group to address kidnappings and abuse of women by ISIS in the Kurdish region of Iraq.  The "5+ Group for Women's Aid" was officially announced via a press-conference at the Chwarchara-hotel in Erbil on September 4 2014.

 

The extremist Sunni militant group called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, which recently declared a caliphate in parts of the Middle East, now controls an area of 13,000 square miles in Iraq and Syria. Testimonies coming out about daily life in the ISIS-controlled region depict an agenda of fear and intimidation being imposed, one that targets women with repression and violence.

The Association of Middle East Women's Studies (AMEWS) would like to express its solidarity with the people of Iraq who have suffered from dictatorship, economic sanctions, an invasion and occupation, years of militarization, and a new authoritarian government. The most recent suffering by Iraqis, caused by Islamic State (IS) forces, is so far mainly affecting religious minorities. 

Jadaliyya (J): Recent events in Iraq have been rather dramatic. What led to these developments?

On the Occupation of Mosul and the Cities of Western Iraq


The Iraqi society is suffering unprecedented crisis that threatens the future of peaceful co-existence of citizens, and augments genocides and civil conflicts based on the sectarian identities that were established on the Iraqi population, and were strengthened throughout more than a decade of the American occupation to Iraq.

Amid worsening armed violence in Iraq, the Baghdad-based Organization of Women's Freedom in Iraq is working to help women who have been harmed and driven out of their homes. The group is reaching out to cities with the largest numbers of women displaced by the fighting.

هذا التقرير يوثّق الإساءة إلى سيدات أثناء الاحتجاز، بناء على مقابلات مع سيدات وفتيات من السنة والشيعة في السجون؛ ومع عائلاتهن ومحاميهن؛ ومع مقدمين للخدمات الطبية في السجون، في توقيت يشهد تصاعد العنف بين قوات الأمن وجماعات مسلحة. قامت هيومن رايتس ووتش أيضاً بمراجعة وثائق محاكم ومعلومات مستفيضة تلقتها في اجتماعات مع سلطات عراقية تشمل مسؤولين من وزارات العدل والداخلية والدفاع وحقوق الإنسان، واثنين من نواب رئيس الوزراء.

شاركت نساء وفتيات عراقيات في مظاهرة بالعاصمة بغداد السبت 8 مارس/ آذار، احتجاجا على مشروع قانون وافقت عليه الحكومة يسمح بزواج الفتيات في سن التاسعة ويمنح حضانة الأبناء تلقائيا للآباء. وجاء الاحتجاج بمناسبة اليوم العالمي للمرأة بعد أسبوع من تصويت الحكومة على قانون الأحوال الشخصية "الجعفري" وإحالته إلى البرلمان. ورفعت المحتجات شعارات بينها "في عيد المرأة العالمي.. نساء العراق في حداد." يذكر أن قانون الأحوال الشخصية "الجعفري" يسمح بإشراف رجال الدين على الأمور المتعلقة بالزواج والطلاق والميراث.

Draft Law Huge Step Back for Women, Girls, says Human Rights Watch 

MARCH 12, 2014

(Baghdad) – Iraq’s Council of Ministers should withdraw a new draft Personal Status Law and ensure that Iraq’s legal framework protects women and girls in line with its international obligations. The pending legislation would restrict women’s rights in matters of inheritance and parental and other rights after divorce, make it easier for men to take multiple wives, and allow girls to be married from age nine.

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