This is a case of FGM regarding three Gambian families with preadolescent daughters abroad. None of the girls had yet undergone the ritual "female circumcision" commonly practiced. Five of the six parents think it would be a good idea to hold such a ritual ceremony. The sixth parent is uneasy about the procedure and wonders about its appropriateness.
This site gives detailed information on the prevalence of Female Mutilation in Africa through various surveys in individual countries. It also provides a map to show countries practising FGM in Africa.
This book chronicles a unique filmmaking journey. It describes documentary efforts undertaken from California to England, Senegal, The Gambia, and Burkina Faso, characterised by interviews with people who are concerned with and affected by the practice of female genital mutilation. The text includes transcripts of their interviews and three new poems by Alice Walker.
The thesis tries to explain the Practice of FGM in the context of culture and how it is used to control female sexuality. It brings out belief systems and how the victims of FGM are indoctrinated to embrace patriarchal values etc.
This article gives detailed information about Female Genital Mutilation and women’s sexuality; it outlines the practice of FGM in Africa and amongst minorities in Asia. It also talks about the state’s obligation to protect children and observe human rights standards, as well as calling for cultural tolerance and acceptance of social diversity.
The author shows that female circumcision is not confined to the Horn of Africa, or the Muslim areas of the continent. Her study of the practice in Sierra Leone demonstrates its important role in the traditional initiation of females into both womanhood and society in parts of West Africa. The material sets out detailed and practical proposals for a 20 year programme to end “the crippling of women by this operation”.
This monograph describes Nigeria’s social structure, the basis and nature of Nigeria’s harmful traditional practices, and problems faced by women both in the context of female genital mutilation and patriarchy.