Following independence in
1991, the former Soviet republic of Uzbekistan has been undergoing sweeping
social, political and economic changes, all deeply affecting the country's
women. However, women's problems continue to be ignored, while the role of women
has become a battleground between the various forces, including fundamentalism,
which seek to fill the ideological vacuum left by the collapse of Soviet power.
The aim of
this paper is to explore some contradictory implications of nationalist projects
in post-colonial societies. It examines the extent to which elements of national
identity and cultural difference are articulated as forms of control over women
and which infringe upon their rights as enfranchised
Despite the extensive literature on nationalism, there are
relatively few systematic attempts to analyse women's integration into
nationalist projects. The little there is conveys seemingly contradictory
Once upon a time there was a people
called North which was white and rich, and a people named South which was
non-white and poor. The people North exploited, attacked and killed the people
South according to their needs.
Given the rising tide of
Islamisation in Muslim countries and its call for wider recognition of Shari'a
as the primary legal basis of Muslim nations, concerns about Shari'a's conflict
with human rights standards must be addressed.
The study of women in the Middle East, now well into its second decade, has produced
an impressive corpus of papers and periodical articles. For purely practical
reasons, this review focuses on writings in English, in a selective rather than
all-inclusive manner. The analysis of women in the Middle East has not always
been undertaken with reference to Islam, but a significant body of works,
influenced partly by the Islamic resurgence, coincident with the rise of the
study of women as a separate field, does have reference to Islam.
Riffat Hassan, a native of Pakistan, received her doctorate
in Islamic Philosophy at Durham, England. Since 1976 she has been a professor in
Religious Studies at University of Louisville, Kentucky. Currently, she is a
visiting lecturer at the Divinity School Harvard University, where she is
working on a forthcoming book entitled "Equal Before Allah". The following
interview was recorded on April 16, 1986 and formed the basis for a November,
1987, Asian Communiqué radio program produced by Betty Milstead of the Center of
Asian Studies, University of Texas, Austin.
I have been asking questions such
as “What is the Islamic view of women?” and “What does it mean to be a Muslim
woman?” for a long time. I was born female to a Muslim family living in Lahore,
a Muslim city in a Muslim country, Pakistan. Not until 1974, however, did I
begin my serious study of women’s issues in Islam and — I am still shocked to
reflect — this happened almost by accident.
I was, at that time,
faculty adviser to the Muslim Students’ Association chapter at Oklahoma State
University in Stillwater.
15-20,000 political prisoners in Turkey. Student, worker and ecologist
demonstrations are regularly broken up and demonstrators arrested and tortured.
There is a state of emergency in five eastern provinces as the large Kurdish
community continues to fight for its survival. Meanwhile, the regime makes the
superficial move towards liberalism, which are necessary for its application to
join the EEC to be accepted.
following interview Jill Bend from Off Our Backs (OOB) talks to three Turkish
There is widespread
research and information available about the huge labour migration to the Oil
rich countries in the Gulf. In the past few years, we received reports about
housemaids being very officially exported from Sri Lanka to the Gulf countries
of the Middle East.