The objective of this paper
is to provide a historical overview of the processes of communal identity
formation in Sri Lanka with special reference to the Muslim community . Sri Lanka is a
multi-ethnic society in which Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims and others have
coexisted for centuries. However, in more recent times, ethnic relations on the
Island have been consistently strained by the rise of communalist politics which
have deepened ethnic and religious divides.
“Whereas sovereignty over the
entire universe belongs to Almighty Allah alone and the authority which He has
delegated to the State of Pakistan through its people for being exercised
through their chosen representatives within the limits prescribed by Him is a
sacred trust; And whereas Islam is the State religion of Pakistan and it is the
obligation of the State to enable the Muslims of Pakistan, individually and
collectively, to order their lives in accordance with the fundamental principles
and basic concepts of Islam set out in the Holy Qur'an and Sunnah;
The violence of Islamism has roused
anxious concern throughout the world, especially the Muslim world. In the United
States, the media and policy makers wage a campaign to demonize Muslims and
Islam as a threat to Western interests and civilization itself. This politically
motivated propaganda has been aided by the Islamic resistance to Israel's
occupation of Lebanon, the West Bank, Gaza, and Golan, along with such incidents
as the plot to blow up New York's World Trade Center.
The decision stunned even its
leaders. During their model parliament held last April in the Gaza Strip,
Palestinian women's rights activists first recommended that laws be enacted to
restrain and regulate polygamy; that it be allowed only in exceptional cases and
with the first wife being offered a divorce. But after the 126 "delegates"
confirmed the vote, they dramatically invalidated the decision.
The question of Muslim personal law
has become not only a question of Muslim identity but also a question with
deeper political implications. The Muslim leadership doggedly resist any reform
in certain aspects of the law particularly pertaining to marriage and divorce
and the Hindu communal leadership would not accept anything short of complete
abolition of personal law pertaining to Muslims.
ISLAMABAD, Nov 10,  (IPS) -
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's attempt to Islamise Pakistan has been checkmated
by the imposition of Governor's rule in the troubled Pakistani province of
controversial 15th Constitutional Amendment Bill, popularly called the Shariat
Bill, has lost even the slimmest chance of ratification in the Senate, but
rights activists who are alarmed by the loss of freedom say the reprieve is at
Just last Wednesday, Prime
Minister Nawaz Sharif made the bill the main plank of a public speech in the
We live in an era where
relativism and humanism affect almost every facet of our lives. Not least among
these facets is the discourse of Islam vis a vis women’s human rights. The
importance of such factors as relativism, humanism and gender sensitivity has
not come about in a vacuum.
In recent years Islamic
doctrine has assumed a more visible place in the Indonesian legal system. This
trend arguably dates from the passage of the National Marriage Act in the
mid-1970s, which for the first time gave explicit recognition to Islamic
doctrine as state law. Its most conspicuous manifestations, however, have
occurred since the mid-80s. In 1989 the Religious Judicature Act significantly
expanded the system of Islamic courts, ended their subordination to the civil
courts, and enlarged the courts' substantive jurisdiction.