Senegal

This summary of Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) issues in Senegal is part of a series of LTPR Country Profiles produced for USAID. The profile includes information on property rights and tenure concerning land, forests, freshwater, and minerals, as well as an aggregation of LTPR-related indicators. Options and opportunities for intervention by USAID are presented at the end of the profile, along with an extensive list of references for additional information.
This paper mentions women’s ownership of, access to and control over land in the context of the complexity and diversity of women's informal financial practices in Senegal. It suggests that these practices are at the centre of a constant dialectic between short-term and long-term horizons, between the requirements of daily survival and the demands of community solidarity, and between personal aspirations and collective constraints.

Women in Senegal face immense obstacles to individual land acquisition and control. Land inaccessibility is a problem that leads to limitations on women's economic productivity and food security. Women in Senegal can access land through associations and groups of women, but this is not sufficient for guaranteeing continuity and independence of land control.

Land and decentralization policies in Senegal have been closely linked since the country became independent in 1960. Public lands are currently managed by the local government of municipalties and rural communities, with the latter responsible for the land and natural resources in unprotected parts of their territory, and the former empowered to issue building permits. The law also provides opportunities for rural communities, municipalties and regions to be involved in managing special areas such as classified forests, national parks and protected spaces.

This paper mentions that while womencould influence decisions, they rarely made the principal choices, as they do not control land, which is the main source of power.

This paper mentions: “Womenreceived plots of landfor their use from their fathers, or if married, from their husbands but they could not pass these on to their heirs, not even to their sons. It also discusses how the household farming system has changed in Senegalin the post-independence period.”

Also in French (Français)

Migrants are important to development and poverty reduction in their home countries. For many countries the levels of remittances from relatives abroad exceed development and foreign direct investment. This study explores the linkages between international remittances and access to land in the home countries, with a focus on West Africa, specifically Ghana and Senegal.

As stated in the Abstract, “this dissertation demonstrates how external agency participatory programs with village committees and how multi-party competition and rivalries have undermined women's decision making and access to forest resources and land in a rural Senegalese community. Using a participatory approach based on "village committees" in Malidino Biodiversity Reserve, the World Bank and Senegal forest service have bestowed discretionary power on traditional leaders and on local elected officials.
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